Introduction: Dealing with Death

What is death? This is best answered with another question: What is life?

Life is the integration of soul and body–the self and its physical vehicle–into a single entity. Death is the dissolution of body and soul into two separate entities–a separation of the spiritual self from that which was once a vehicle to that self.

The self is the soul, not the body. The body will inevitably fail and The soul is eternal and indestructibledisintegrate; the soul is eternal and indestructible. The stretch of physical time in which the soul resides within and acts through the body is just one phase–though a most important phase–of its existence, an existence which precedes physical life and extends beyond it. The soul of the person we knew and loved as a physical being on this earth continues to exist after his or her death, continues to be aware of that which transpires in our lives, and continues to be the recipient of our love and the positive actions we do on his or her behalf.

But also for the body, death is not the end. A fundamental principle of the Jewish faith is the belief in techiat ha-meitim, (“resurrection of the dead”)–that in the future, divinely-perfect “World to Come,” the soul will be restored to a rebuilt and revitalized body, so The soul of the person we knew and loved… continues to be aware of all that transpires in our lives, and continues to be the recipient of our love and the positive actions we do on his or her behalf…that body and soul, once again fused together as a living being, should enjoy the fruits of what they accomplished together in toils and tribulations of our present-day existence.

So while the soul is the higher, more spiritual incarnation of the self, the body, too, must be accorded the ultimate respect and sanctity, as befits the vessel of the soul.

This understanding of death underlies the Jewish approach to death and mourning. All the laws, customs, beliefs and mystical motifs related to death–its prequel and sequel, the treatment of the deceased, the approach to mourning, and the ways in which the departed is memorialized–are driven by a series of dichotomies. To wit:

  • We do everything in our power to sustain life and avoid death; for each and every moment of life is sacred, as it houses the soul’s presence in our world, and constitutes an integral part of its divinely-ordained mission in life. On the other hand, the moment of death is accepted as the will of the True Judge, who alone knows when the soul’s mission in the physical world has been fulfilled.
  • We mourn the tragic eclipse of the deceased from the realm of our lives –while continuing to affirm the continuing trajectory of his/her own life.
  • We show profound respect for the body, the necessary and indispensable vehicle that enables all the souls’ accomplishments during life –while never allowing ourselves to imagine that the body we take leave of is actually the person we mourn.
  • We seek to create long-lasting memorials to the deceased –yet engage in practices that express the belief that the deceased is truly among us.

From these dichotomies derive the fundamentals of the Jewish way in death and mourning:

  1. Determining the occurrence of death. Death is when the soul no longer animates the body, not when the body cannot express the soul.
  2. What is done–and not done–with the body. The body must be treated as a holy object –in a way that demonstrates its partnership in the soul’s eternal endeavors. At the same time, it may not be treated as if it was the entirety or even the primary aspect of the person.
  3. The depth–and limits–of mourning. One must mourn but not despair due to the loss of this individual from our lives.
  4. Memory and connection. We engage in spiritual activity that affirms our continuing relationship with deceased and the deceased’s continuing path of life.
  5. Not the end. We believe that death is a temporary and reversible state; a stage of life, not its destination.

The Christmas season is a powerful and unique time of year to remember that Jesus came to make a way for us to be near God

 In his life, death, and resurrection, Jesus built a bridge between us and God allowing us to have continual, unhindered communion with our Creator. But God can’t force us into nearness with him. Even as believers filled with the Holy Spirit, we can choose to live as if God is still far off. So this Christmas season, may we choose to open our hearts to the living God that we might experience fullness of joy in his loving presence.


“If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”


– John 4:10

Summary: A “paradox” is defined as a seemingly self-contradictory declaration but is in fact true. There are several interesting paradoxes found in the Bible.


The Paradoxical Commandments
by Dr. Kent M. Keith

People are illogical, unreasonable, and self-centered.
Love them anyway.

If you do good, people will accuse you of selfish ulterior motives.
Do good anyway.

If you are successful, you will win false friends and true enemies.
Succeed anyway.

The good you do today will be forgotten tomorrow.
Do good anyway.

Honesty and frankness make you vulnerable.
Be honest and frank anyway.

The biggest men and women with the biggest ideas can be shot down by the smallest men and women with the smallest minds.
Think big anyway.

People favor underdogs but follow only top dogs.
Fight for a few underdogs anyway.

What you spend years building may be destroyed overnight.
Build anyway.

People really need help but may attack you if you do help them.
Help people anyway.

Give the world the best you have and you’ll get kicked in the teeth.
Give the world the best you have anyway.

© Copyright Kent M. Keith 1968, renewed 2001